Humayun was the second emperor of the Mughal dynasty, which ruled an area covering modern-day India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, for over 300 years[1526-1857 A.D]. The Mughals were Central-Asian Turko-Mongols from modern day Uzbekistan. Babur, the father of Humayun, was the first Mughal emperor. He was a direct descendent of Timur, through his father and a descendant of Genghis Khan, through his mother. Humayun was succeeded by his son, Akbar the Great, who was arguably, one of the greatest emperors to rule the Indian sub-continent.
Humayun had a short stint as Emperor, cut short by his untimely death, caused by his fall down the staircase of his library in 1556 A.D. He probably was not the greatest of the Mughal emperors, and definitely not a very good military man, suffering quite a few defeats due to his tactical errors. Nonetheless, at the time of his death, he left a substantial legacy of an area of one million square kilometers for Akbar.
Humayun’s Tomb is unique in that it is the first garden-tomb to be built in the Indian sub-continent. Built in the Charbagh style of garden, where the tomb is constructed in the middle of a square garden, which is further divided by walkways and flowing water, into four smaller and equal parts. The most famous tomb constructed in the Charbagh style is the Taj Mahal.
Humayun’s Tomb was also the first structure to use red sandstone, on such a huge scale. The tomb was commissioned by Humayun’s first wife, Bega Begum in 1569-70. Construction started in 1565 and finished in 1572. The site was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993.
I clicked these photographs in October 2013, during my visit to Delhi. Hope you liked them! 🙂